THE MONTH RAMADAN IN THE LIGHT OF MEMORIES OF HALIT FAHRI OZANSOY, CENAP ?EHABEDDIN AND SEZAI KARAKOă

Abstract

Author(s): Ensar KESEB?R

Ramadan, that Cenap ?ahabeddin describes as “?ehr-i s?yâm, ?ehr-i i’tikâf ve ?ehr-i isti?far” and which is called “the sultan of eleven months” by public and which even generate a literary form classified as “Ramazaniye”, is a distinctive month. This article analyzes three writers’ memories related to Ramadan Month. The books were chosen not according to the publication dates but the periods that they tell. Respectively, Halit Fahri, Cenap ?ehabeddin and Sezai Karakoç’s memories reflect the impression of Ramadan from Abdülhamid II period to 1990s by focusing generally on ?stanbul. In the memories, there are various subjects and people ranging from iftar to sahur, from light comedy to theatre, from sultan to Ramadan drummer, from imam to preacher but three common themes (tradition, city, eid) have been determined in this article and the reflection of these themes constitute the outlines of the article. Memories are also undoubtedly the fictive texts but they are one of the most realistic kinds of literature in terms of place, person and events. Thus, memories are significant for literary history studies as well as for the reflection of the experiences and codes of the individual and the society. Some of the writers of memory give information on the reasons why they write them and also on the period that they tell. In conclusion, memory can be read in order to analyze the literary texts as well as to understand and interpret the mentioned period. Considering the Ramadan memories of three writers, the reflection of Ramadan on individuals, society and place are observed and people can be informed about the places in which literature exists and the literary works produced in these places.

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