Author(s): Seng├╝l HABLEMITOGLU, Yasemin ├ľZKAN, Eda PURUT├çUOGLU
In today’s affluent societies, children are one of the most important and vulnerable special groups. A widespread perception is that children are at risk both psycho-socially and economically, and they are the innocent group of rapid changes in nowadays’ world. The rate of child poverty has tendency to rise for third decades, and the income gap between rich and poor has influence on children’s welfare. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, more than 5.6 million Turkish children under the age of 15 live in poverty especially in rural areas, which means that their caregivers cannot effort necessities like nutrition, education, and protection. The change in family structure and family size such as the breakdown of the traditional nuclear family, the decrease in earnings, the rise in unemployment, the impact of globalization and the low educational level of women in developing countries may be seen as the major reasons of child poverty. This article aims to display the relationship between poverty and children by evaluating the current conditions in developing Turkey and to make some recommendations to reduce the child poverty as globally. Thereby, this article has been written as a literature review by evaluating the various researches’ results in order to find out both the statistical results and information about child poverty in Turkey.