THE LOCAL AWARENESS AND IMPACT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN ?ARHÖYÜK AND KEÇ?ÇAYIRI (ESK??EH?R)

Abstract

Author(s): Taner KILIÇ

There are thousands of prehistoric mounds in Anatolia, which is rich in historical heritage. More than 200 mounds of them are located in Eski?ehir. However, the number of archaeological excavations carried out in the region so far is very low. Two of these excavations were chosen, for the first time in an attempt to measure their impacts on the local people rather than the archaeological results of the excavations. For this purpose, Keçiçay?r?, whose excavations were completed, and ?arhöyük, which is an ongoing excavation, were selected, and a survey that consists of questions about demographic information, archaeological knowledge, and awareness of the excavations was conducted with local people in the nearest settlements. Our aim is to evaluate impacts and interaction of archaeologic excavations with surrounding environment and the local people. In addition, as one of the selected settlements is in the rural and the other in the city centre, we could reveal the differences between urban and rural areas. As a result of the study, it was determined that there was no significant difference in the archaeologic knowledge and richness in the settlements where archaeological excavations were carried out, and it was determined that the content of the excavations was not sufficiently known by the local people and the public interest towards the excavations remained low. The main expectations from archaeological excavations are to create employment, to make new investments in the region to open touristic activities.

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