THE LINE DRAWN AT PHILOSOPHY BASED ON LANGUAGE, LOGIC AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE IN KANT AND WITTGENSTEIN

Abstract

Author(s): Vedat ELEB?

Kant’s notion, argued with reference to epistomology, that metaphysics is not possible as scientific knowledge can similarly be seen in Wittgenstein who is one of the most important representatives of analytic philosophy. In terms of both their attitudes towards metaphysics and the line they draw at language and philosophy within the framework of logic and epistomologies, there are commonalities between these two philosophers. While Kant draws a line at his philosophy through the aim of reaching the synthetic apriori judgments which he defines as scientific knowledge by criticizing the abilities of pure reason in epistemological sense, Wittgenstein draws a line at his philosophy with natural scientific propositions by criticizing the language representing thought. Therefore, it is possible to say that Kant’s work named The Critique of Pure Reason, in which he laid out his basic philosophy, had an impact on Wittgenstein’s first period work, Tractatus.The aim of this article is to compare Kant and Wittgenstein’s ideas about God, metaphysics and logic in the context of the line they draw at philosophy by means of these two works.

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