THE LANDMARK OF POLITICAL LIBERALISM IN TURKEY: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TURGUT ÍZAL AND RECEP TAYY?P ERDO?AN'S GOVERNMENTAL APPROACH

Abstract

Author(s): P?nar ├ľZDEN CANKARA, Yunus Emre AYSEL

Turgut Özal and Recep Tayyip Erdo?an are two significant political leaders who are representing the Conservatism, Islamism and Nationalism ideologies together. During their governmental process, they were desiring the same ideal. They both wanted to make Turkey as a leader of Middle East. In order to make this dream real, they both applied political liberalism as a state policy. Political liberalism is an ideology which states that political issues can be solved by developing economic relations. Therewithal, the theory asserts the idea of minimal state and gives importance to individuals than a state. In Turkey, both Turgut Özal and Recep Tayyip Erdo?an wanted to break down the lumbering Turkish bureaucracy and tried to develop the mentality of “state for individuals”. The aim of this study is to analyze how Özal and Erdo?an implemented political liberalism in Turkey by comparing their approach through Turkey’s domestic and foreign political problems.

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