THE JANISSARIES IN THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE OF RUM (SIVAS) PROVINCE IN THE MIDDLES OF THE 18TH CENTURY

Abstract

Author(s): Zafer KARADEM?R

As in the other provinces the Ottoman sultans’ servant soldiers, janissaries, had been living in the Sivas province in their last times. In this article, in lieu of explaining their military effects and experiments their social and economic situations and relations in the civil life of the empire in the middles of the eighteen century were investigated. As well as their military roles and duties, the janissaries had got serious and forceful economic ties in the capital and the other provinces since very early times. So what were they doing in economic life in towards their last times? What were their second jobs rather than being a soldier? Were they using their mentioned ties for their benefits illegally? What were the officials and the people thinking about them? The aim of this article is to find some solutions for these questions with the help of archive documents from Rum (Sivas) province of the Ottoman Empire from the middle of the 18thcentury and the other secondary sources. The main archive sources were chosen as Sivas Ahkâm (Complaint) Defters.

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