Author(s): Yüksel KAŞTAN

In the Ottoman Empire, Yavuz Sultan Selim had added to his lands with the battle of Mercidab?k in 1516 with the candle holders. Syria remained outside the borders with the Armistice of Mudros after World War I. The National Struggle in the Ottoman National Assembly and the National Pacts of the Ottoman Parliament in Anatolia was adopted as the territory of the Turks in Syria. With the French on the Southern Front in the National Struggle, the Ankara Entente of 20 October 1921 and the Iskenderun Sanjak, the official currency of the Turkish Lira, the Turkish language, remain in the territory of Syria under a special administrative status with national culture. Syria mainly continued until 1936 as a kingdom in the French mandate. However, after 1933 in Germany a party in Italy on the other side of the administration Hitler quickly arming itself passed into menace to France, to retreat its troops abroad in France country, to get next to a country like Turkey in September 1936 Syria, Lebanon November 1936 While giving their independence to Iskenderun Sanjak did not give any expression about. Turkey immediately in Geneva in September, taking advantage of this situation was brought to the League of Nations Council agenda issues in the talks with France at the meeting. But to France's positive approach to the subject as a result of giving Turkey a date of October 9, 1936 notes that France wants independence for Iskenderun Sanjak. France takes it did not accept the United Nations in Turkey said France also included information Council. On 27 January 1937, the Council adopted the independence of Iskenderun Sanjak in its internal affairs, with a status governed by an independent constitution attached to Syria in its foreign affairs. Starboard name will Hatay, France and Turkey would be under the warranty. On the 29th of May 1937 the Hatay constitution was adopted in the Council of Nations and entered into force on 29 November 1939. In Antioch on June 13 at the end of talks held between Turkish and French military delegations on July 3, 1937 an agreement was made between France and Turkey. Following the elections held in August, the Hatay Assembly declared the Republic of Hatay on 2 September 1938. Due to the high voltage starting in Europe with an agreement between Turkey and France on June 23, 1939 adopted a decision to participate in Turkey's Hatay. Assembly by the Republic of Hatay by lava, they decided to join the Republic of Turkey by their own will. Hatay becomes a province of the Republic of Turkey. This research was examined in the Grand National Assembly Minutes Book. In the research, between 1936 and 1940, all subjects related to the Iskenderun Sanjak and Hatay were scanned in the Turkish Grand National Assembly and a study was conducted within the framework of the data obtained. In 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939 and 1940 during the general assembly meetings of the Grand National Assembly of ?skenderun was the subject of the agenda. Syria's independence in 1936, then there remaining species, the problems of Turks immigrated to Turkey, Iskenderun Sanjak problem, the League of Nations, issues such as France's attitude has taken place. In the research, the results of the speeches in the Turkish Grand National Assembly Minutes were evaluated and a conclusion was made.


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