Author(s): Fuat BOYACIOĞLU

The classic novel has a tradition supported by its strong fundamentals.The classic novelist presents us an interesting, fascinating event around which turn a lot of characters whose feelings and behaviours, are deeply described. André Gide opposes to the classic novel arriving to the apex with Balzac’s novels and its traditional forms. He makes it problematic with its classic plot, manner of narration, psychological and phisical descriptions of hereos and spatio-temporal framework. Therefore, in his works Gide criticizes ironically and satirically this traditional novela and its elements containing a romanesque structure. In Gide’ five novels named Andre Walter's Books (Les Cahiers d’André Walter), The Immoralist (L'Immoraliste), The Narrow Gate (La Porte étroit), Isabelle, The Rural Symphony (La Symhonie Pastoral) it is seen a protagonist trying to create firstly an absolute and unchangeable doctrine for himself, then feeling repulsion from his romanesque world while making contact with the external world and real life and afterward jugding and criticizing his former senses. A three-stage psychological evolution is seen in this protagonist: 1- the protagonist, firstly becomes conscious of a fantastic and absolute doctrine he constituted divergently with the real life for himself; 2- When he mets with the real life his mind is confused; 3- Finally he escapes from his former dreams and he judges ironically them. In this anti novel, the romanesque illusion is ironically interrogated and criticised and its dangers for readers is revealed. Gide warnsindirectly readers by pointing out the negative effects on the hereo. Gide ironizes this romanesque adventure of the protoganist and gives a critical tone


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