Author(s): Fatih GZEL

Some scholars claim that in Islam women have no right to rule the state. However, there have been many women who were remembered for that they were more powerful and good in ruling than some of the sultans and the padishahs since the early period of Islam. In the Abbasid Dynasty which has been accepted as most leading and magnificence of the Islamic civilizations, some of the women were able to find significant opportunities to rule the state affairs. Having made intensively many efforts to make their son to take the throne, those women enjoyed power as if they had been a sultan when their sons took the throne. Within the first two centuries of Abbasids some famous women such as Khayzuran, Zubaida and Shagab, do so. Specifically, Zubaida Sultan who was the wife of Harun Al-Rashid practiced such power and controls on government affairs she got the title of “Emîre”. Also, Sagar Sultan who was the mother of Caliph Muktadir was reported to have been ruled the state for more than twenty-five years and her period was titled as the period of the sovereign of women by the historians who were contemporary with her.


You can send your paper at

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararas覺 Sosyal Arat覺rmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararas覺 Sosyal Arat覺rmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App