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THE INFLUENCE OF AGE, SEX, VISUAL ACUITY AND EDUCATIONAL MEDIA ON THE VERBAL ABILITY OF CHILDREN WITH IMPAIRED VISION

Abstract

Author(s): Ševala TULUMOVI?, Izeta HUSI?-?UZI?

The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of oral and written expression of the pupil with visual impairment considering: visual acuity, age, gender, intellectual level, success in school, educational medium, previous involvement in rehabilitation and visual impairment. The examinee sample consisted of three groups of students: blind (N=51), low vision students (N=42) and students without visual impairment (N=123) attained from students’ population grades 1-4 in primary schools in the area of Tuzla Canton and population of blind and low vision students from the boarding school grades 1-4 in the Centers for blind and low vision children and youth, as well as the population of blind and low vision students grades 1-4 that are integrated in regular schools in primary schools of Tuzla Canton. A diagnostic set for examination of capacities for speech, language, reading, and writing of children was used for examination of the vocabulary (Bjelica, Posokhova, 2001). Analyzing the results of korelation analysis can be concluded that three examined groups vary statistically according to all variables. The disadvantages determined in the development of a vocabulary can be helpful when creating rehabilitation programs for improvement of these skills where student of impaired sight show the weakest results. The analysis of the results in the sets of variables for the evaluation of the development of the vocabulary, the written expression and the anamnestic variables correlations have been calculated, where significant correlations have been obtained between visual impairment and the use of the appropriate educational medium.

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