THE INCLUSION OF MINSTREL TRADITION IN TRADITIONAL TURKISH FOLK MUSIC EDUCATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE OPINIONS AND EXPECTATIONS OF TODAY'S MINSTRELS

Abstract

Author(s): Uygar ONALAN** Ulku Sevim SEN***

In this research, the aim is to determine to what extent the minstrel tradition is included in traditional Turkish folk music education. The study is of qualitative type and is a case study. The pattern which was used in the study is the Interpretive Social Science approach, which is known to be mostly used in qualitative research. The participants of the study consist of 14 minstrels, 4 of whom reside in Kars, 5 in Erzurum, 3 in Ankara, 1 in Izmir and 1 in Istanbul. The data of the research were obtained as a result of the interviews with the minstrels between November and December in 2020. As a data collection tool, a semi-structured interview form consisting of nine openended questions prepared by the researchers was used. It has been understood that the notions regarding the tradition of minstrelsy not being given enough place in traditional Turkish folk music education is mostly dominant. Although, it was determined that a lesser extent stated that it was sufficient. It is seen that most of the requests for discussions and invitations for classes for the minstrels who were to be interviewed in the area of bachelor's degree, postgraduate or doctoral education were mostly from the Faculties of Literature and Turkish Language and Literature departments, while the invitations to a small number of minstrels are from the institutions where professional music education is given. The research has provided the opportunity to make various determinations in line with the views and expressions of the minstrels about the importance of tradition, its contributions to the society as a cultural and historical document, how necessary it is to carry Turkish culture and music to the future, and the inclusion of the minstrel tradition in the Turkish education system through the education policies of the state From the data obtained, it is seen that the biggest problem experienced in the transfer and survival of this culture is the fact of unemployment (economical problems) encountered among minstrels in general. It can be suggested that regular and compulsory advertisements, films or music programs promoting the minstrel tradition should be organized under state control in every national channel to promote and disseminate the tradition and provide financial gain to minstrels who are alive.

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