Author(s): Recep Batu GÜNÖR
Pyotr Kropotkin who is a significant Russian thinker, put forwardoriginalideaseither on anarchismor on ethics. Inparticular, he advocatesthatthereshould be a scientificapproachtoethics. He endeavourstoimprovethisperspectivewith a conceptcalled " mutualaid." Inaccordancewith Kropotkin, the idea of mutualaid is a general tendencyexistedamongeitheranimalsorpeople. Although Kropotkin considersevolutiondeterminestheshape of humanandsociety, he rejectsthe idea, thereare a relentlessstrugglebetweensocialpeople, allegedbySocialDarvinismandinstead, he put the idea of mutualaid. Accordingto Kropotkin, we can findthatthemutualaid is the determinant principlebyobservingthe life of animals, as well as, bystudyingsocietiesexistedthroughouthistory, it can be understoodthatthe idea of mutualaid has existed since thefirstcommunityandenforcedconsistentlybysocieties.