Author(s): Recep Batu GÜNÖR

Pyotr Kropotkin who is a significant Russian thinker, put forwardoriginalideaseither on anarchismor on ethics. Inparticular, he advocatesthatthereshould be a scientificapproachtoethics. He endeavourstoimprovethisperspectivewith a conceptcalled " mutualaid." Inaccordancewith Kropotkin, the idea of mutualaid is a general tendencyexistedamongeitheranimalsorpeople. Although Kropotkin considersevolutiondeterminestheshape of humanandsociety, he rejectsthe idea, thereare a relentlessstrugglebetweensocialpeople, allegedbySocialDarvinismandinstead, he put the idea of mutualaid. Accordingto Kropotkin, we can findthatthemutualaid is the determinant principlebyobservingthe life of animals, as well as, bystudyingsocietiesexistedthroughouthistory, it can be understoodthatthe idea of mutualaid has existed since thefirstcommunityandenforcedconsistentlybysocieties.


You can send your paper at

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 27

The Journal of International Social Research received 27 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App