THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON THE TRANSFORMATION OF AL QAEDA AND ITS STRATEGIES

Abstract

Author(s): Ahmet KAYA

The present study, which examines the organizational structure, ideology, strategy and financial resources as well as policies with regard to struggling with Al Qaeda, aims to investigate the profile of Al Qaeda terrorist organization and its strategies in the light of the current literature review. In this context, analyzing the profile of Al Qaeda terrorist organization, which acquired notable experiences from the invasion of Afghanistan by Soviets and used this experience in the global arena thus executing 9/11 terrorist attacks, is of utmost importance for the academics and practitioners who are engaged with the field of terrorism. Having scrutinized the profile of terrorist organization within the present study, it would be possible to see that Al Qaeda, which has retained global characteristic features during the course of the time, has a unique organizational structure, ideology and strategy as compared to other conventional terrorist organizations. Therefore, this study is academically unique in terms of offering new and global perspectives including theoretical explanations. Furthermore, the study contributed to the current literature through bringing up Al Qaeda’s ideologies, strategies and organizational structure which help decision takers and policy makers to frame and shape policies with regard to struggling with Al Qaeda. In this respect, the prevention of abusing religious affairs and values, the construction of open society where liberal thought and fundamental freedoms can blossom and lastly the enhancement of international cooperation activities are the key counterterrorism strategies, which need to be considered while dealing with Al Qaeda. In terms of methodology and research strategy of the present study, qualitative data and secondary quantitative data have been used and mainly qualitative research strategy has been followed. To do so, initially, literature review regarding the scope of the study has been conducted, subsequent to the archival research, the content analysis of the gathered data has been made. After conducting the analysis process, categories of ideologies and strategies to which Al Qaeda adheres have been illustrated and accordingly, basing on the cited categories, a significant step has been taken toward offering theoretical explanations aiming to shape and frame policies with regard to countering Al Qaeda.

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