THE HELPERS AND THE OPPONENTS ?N G▄LTEN DAYIO?LU?S NOVELS ?FAD??? AND ?YE??L K?RAZ?

Abstract

Author(s): ?├╝kran D?L?D├ťZG├ťN

Greimas trying to find meaning construction proposed the actantial model with six açtants used to analyse any real/thematized action, based on Propp's thirty-one actants determined in Russian fairy tales. The subject is what wants/does not want to be joined to an object, the sender is what instigates the action, while the receiver is what benefits from it, and a helper helps to accomplish the action, while an opponent hinders it. Greimas works out a syntax of narrative programs in which subjects are joined up with or separated from objects of value. Using the canonical narrative schema the elements of an action may be organized into four components: Manipulation, competence, performance and sanction. The aim of this research is to get some cues about the point of view of the narrator and to examine the place of the women in Turkish society determining the actants of the helper and the opponent in Gülten Day?o?lu’s novels, ‘Fadi?’ and ‘Ye?il Kiraz’ using actantial model.

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