THE GENDER ROLES ATTRIBUTED TO WOMEN IN NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS: IS IT A CHANCE OF EMPOWERMENT OR A CASE OF MARGINALIZATION?

Abstract

Author(s): Bet羹l CAN

With the rising influence of feminist movements, the roles between man and women are burning questions in the last century. The issue has debated and researched by both men and women scholars which sometimes result in controversion. One of the common point two parts have arrived that gender and sex is different, one is socially constructed, the other is biologically. When the issue is gender, many different roles are attributed to it based on societies’ traditions and cultures. Religion is an important factor in shaping society which means specifically shaping gender roles. New religious movements or alternative religious minorities offer people a different understanding and outlook to the world compared to the established religion. Many people, living meaning crisis, are attracted to such kind of movements in postmodern era according to their needs. In this paper, how and what kind of roles these movements attributed to women will be analysed and whether they offer empowerment or marginalization to the women will be discussed.

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