Author(s): Lütfiye GÖKTA? KAYA, Yasin ÇA?IL
Furniture, movable objects and necessary for people to use, was found few in traditional Turkish houses. In the room of traditional Turkish houses, there were sofa to sit, cupboard and bath in the walls. As much as possible but functional elements were used. Therefore, the concept of furniture was more limited comprehensive. When the ?ndustrial Revolution and ?ndustrilization movements in the West in 18 th and 19 th centuries were caused changing and transformation in social and economic life of Europe, furniture production and diversity increased in Europe. Art movements of that period were effective on produced furniture. In Ottoman Empire, in the period when intense relationship developed with the West, firstly in ?stanbul and neighbours, furniture began to enter the life of Turks. Mainly Dolmabahçe, Beylerbeyi and Y?ld?z Palaces, many palaces, pavillion and kasr which were built in 19 th centuries, began to decorate with the furnitures in Europen styles. The parallels of the styles encountered in architecture, painting and sculpture of the period were also seen in furniture art. While being influenced by the West, Ottoman society built a new synthesis with its own characteristics. In 19 th centuries, during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz, an example of the kasr built in the capital ?stanbul, was also built in ?zmit. The building known as Kasr-? Hümayun or Abdülaziz Hunting Pavillion has been fuctioning as the museum since June 28, 1967 and in this building, examples of Ottoman palace furnitures has exhibited. In this study, the late Ottoman furniture exhibited in the museum will be introduced and compared with the other examples of contemporary Ottoman Palaces. Besides furniture production techniques, features of the ornamentation and style, the organic relationship between furniture and place will be evaluated and symbolic meanings will be emphasized.