Author(s): Tuğçe ERDAL

The oldest known copy of The Epic of Oghuz Khan is the text written in the Uyghur script that is registered among Turkish writings with the number 1001 in the Bibliothéque Nationale in Paris, although the introduction, body, main body and conclusion sections of the text are missing. This 21-page manuscript consists of 376 lines, aside from the missing sections. This copy was discovered by R?za Nur, science first published in German by W. Bang and Re?it Rahmeti Arat (1932), then as the Epic of Oguz Khan in Turkish (1936), published. The epic of O?uz ka?an epic life is a great work of expressing the whole Turkish nation. The stories in the epic were constituted in very ancient times. For this reason, the lack in the main text have occurred over time in the epic. Today, it is still a question of debate that how long the entire text is, its actual content, where and when it was written, and whether it is a part of the manuscript or a copy due to the missing sections in the text. The version in question is a kind of documentation of the mythological descriptions, beliefs, lifestyles and traditions of the Turks, as a former migrant settler nation,along with the tradition of establishing a state and social-ethical order according to the “cosmic” mythological thought in parallel with their conscience on the creation of the universe. There are several opinions on the making of The Epic of Oghuz Khan in the Uyghur script. The epic starts with a taurus ornament which is immediately followed by the text. The topic has been quite the epic of taurus in ancient Turks. Taurus represented rebirththe beginning, the reign of the force through the ages. This taurus illustration at the beginning of the text has been interpreted by several researchers in different ways. While some suggest that the taurus illustration is Oghuz Khan himself, others claim that it is a symbolic picture of the creation of the earth in these interpretations. There are even researchers who claim that the taurus illustration is not Oghuz Khan, but his father. Aside from the beliefs that the taurus illustration at the beginning of the text is a representation of Oghuz Khan himself, or his father or the creation process, there are also arguments that the moon is the mother or father of Oghuz Khan, or even a hermaphrodite god, based on the statement of Moon Khan in the first lines of the text. Moon, one of the celestial cults of many cultures from primitive people trying to make a statement. The cult of the moon, each religion and each period has a separate importance. The moon that occur in the cult of ancient Turks, with the cult of the Goktengri is based on the very early period of the relationship. The moon is a strong emphasis on resources and is supported by ethnographic data. Taurus and the moon Turkish mythological Epic Oguz-Kagan in the system properties by considering relations with the tiny taurus and the moon in the context of The identities and locations will be examined. However, the taurus and the moon side by side throughout the history of the mythical. The taurus and the mythical the moon together in the creation process always has been called. The moon in the shape of a crescent moon with the astral cult is the same as the taurus' horns. In this context, in The Epic of Oghuz Khan mythical deep in the layers is observed.This study will evaluate all such claims from a holistic perspective and shall consider the place and importance of the taurus and moon figures within Turkish culture.


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