Author(s): Duygu AK BASOGUL Cansu AKSU

The aim of this study is to determine the grammatical frequency and usage of the modal adverbs kesin, kesinlikle and mutlaka that appear in semi-planned Turkish spoken discourse within discourse grammatical approach. In accordance with this purpose, a corpus is created by transcribing data about health, politic, current affairs, cultureart which last for 15 hours. The data of the study is analyzed by using corpus based discourse analysis, by the aid of “Keyword In-Context - KWIC” software. In the findings part of the study, the usage frequencies and the meanings of the mentioned adverbs with other grammatical structures are determined and tabulated by heading away from the examples chosen from the corpus and in addition, while determining these meanings and usages consideration is being given according to framework of discourse (context, place, time, properties of the participants and communication subject) of the native speakers. There are examples in the study about how these determinations are made. The results and the conclusion of the study are compared to the other studies aimed at modal adverbs in discussion and conclusion parts of the paper. It is expected that the research will contribute to teaching Turkish both as mother language and as foreign language


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