THE EXPLORATION OF HUMAN NATURE IN BRAVE NEW WORLD AND A CLOCKWORK ORANGE: A PSYCHOANALYTIC ANALYSIS

Abstract

Author(s): Ya?mur KIZILAY

A psychoanalytical analysis of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and Antony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange, two of the most prominent dystopian novels of the English literature, provides an insight into human nature and the implications of technological and scientific interventions in human self. In both novels, people whose self and consciousness are altered/formed by outside intervention and who are transformed into the individuals the existing system requires are deprived of the basic values that make them human. This study examines the fundamental concepts of human nature in these novels within the framework of psychoanalytical theory and argues that the interventions in human nature explored in these novels are against the essential being of humans and responsible for the alienation of human beings.

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