THE EMERGENCE OF THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR AND ITS REFLEXION ON MIDDLE EAST

Abstract

Author(s): Murat TOMAN, Halil AKMAN

Terror assaults happened on September 11, 2001, caused to emergence of an unmatched shock and awe all over the world. These terrifying terror attacks created an opportunity for US to carry out a new foreign policy doctrine named Global War on Terrorism (GWOT).

Initially the GWOT doctrine aimed to apply strategies to wage war on terrorism, yet the renowned GWOT doctrine enriched with controversial terms like preemptive war, axis of evil, weapon of mass destruction and unilateralism. Bush government officials expressed their will to pacify and democratize Iraq frequently. In 2003, without the approval of UN Security Council, the Operation Iraqi Freedom was initiated. Since then, Middle East turned into a safe haven for terrorism. The broken traditional balance of power shattered state system in the region and the terror order partially appeared.

This study aims to examine the GWOT doctrine and demonstrate why, how and in what way cause to emergence of terror order in the Middle East.

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