THE EFFECT OF THE SOCIAL GENDER ROLES WITH MARRIED WOMEN TO PROBLEM SOLVING AND SATISFACTION IN MARRIAGE

Abstract

Author(s): Menek?e ERDO?AN, Selma KAHRAMAN

he research is performed sectional-descriptive to determine the effect of the social gender roles with the married women living in ?anl?urfa City Center to problem solving in marriage and marital satisfaction. The population of study was 283,519 married women. Married women are planned to be reached from the number of households. The sample calculated according the formula fromthe population was 150 married women. The married women of each central districts of ?anl?urfa were determined according to the layered sampling method. This research is done according to the stratified sampling. The data of this research is collected using face to face interview technique with ‘Personal Information Form’, ‘Social Gender Roles Attitude Scale’, ‘Marital Satisfaction Scale’, ‘Problem Solving Scale in Marriage’. While evaluating the datas Mann Whitney U, Kruskal Walls Tests and Sperman Correlation are used with descriptive statistics. It is determined that the average of the Social Gender Roles of Women Attitude Scale 122,14+17,1 and women have equitable manners. It is determined that the average of the Marital Satisfaction scale 53,89+8,8 and it is occured that the satisfaction for women took from their marriage is moderate. It is evaluated that the average of the Problem Solving Scale in Marriage 31,40+8,6 and it is stated that women find themselves succesful in terms of problem solving in marriage. It is determined that the more women have equitable manner, the higher satisfaction they get from their marriage, but they have less problem solving skills (p<0.01). It is stated that of the women have the more problem solving skills, they have the less marital satisfaction (p<0.01). It is determined that by increasing the ages of the women and their husbands and rising their education level, their gender attitude points decrease (p<0,05) and they have a more traditional attitude. The women who are married by arranged procedures have a more equitable attitude than the women married by loving, agreeing (p<0,05). It is determined that by rising the educational level of women and men, marital satisfaction and problem solving skills in marriage increase (p<0,05), working women’s marital satisfaction is higher comparing to the housewives and they are more successful at problem solving skills (p<0,05). As a result, it can be suggested that there is a tendency from traditional attitude to equitable attitude and the factors such as age, education and working status affect less. It is suggested that more detailed studies should be undertaken to verify this conclusion.

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