Author(s): Mehmet Yavuz ERLER*

The transport inadequacies, like impr, oper road system caused undeveloped economy at the Ottoman Black-Sea towns so as to that the coastal towns of the Ottoman Black-Sea could not benefit from their underground wealth, like Zonguldak coal mine and cultivatable fertile lands, like Samsun. Trabzon, as an open gate of the silk way to the maritime trade had maintained its position, known the largest city and the best developed economy among the Ottoman Black-Sea coastal towns for long years. Nevertheless the highest trade good capacity of the steam powered ships eased the transportation in the region and let the economy of the coastal towns blossomed along with the benefiting their mines and fertile lands. The coastal towns have also absorbed large number of the migrants from Caucasus after the Crimean War (1853-1856). Those migrants offered cheap labor to the towns has got promising economy. In our study, those developing towns, as a rival to the most developed city of the region, Trabzon were searched and evaluated the change of the promising towns economy.


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