THE DETERMINING TOOL FOR TEACHERS' APPROACHES TOWARD CHILDREN'S DRAWING; TEACHER FORM: VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY STUDY

Abstract

Author(s): Fatma BOLATTA? G├ťRB├ťZ, ├ťmit DEN?Z

Children need instinctively to express themselves. For this, they specify their own ways and methods. One of them is drawing. The drawing used as a way of communication is a way for children to share their feelings and ideas and their world experiences with others. The feedbacks given to the children's drawings are important for their physical, social, cognitive, language and creativity development. For this reason, preschool educators who have an important place in children's educational lifes, should display a positive attitude towards their drawings. The research was carried out with the aim of determining the validity and reliability of the "The Determining Tool for Teachers' Approaches Toward Children's Drawing; Teacher Form". Expert opinions have been consulted for the validity of the scope of the measurement tool which was prepared in the likert type. The measuring instrument which was organized after the expert opinions was applied to a total of 160 pre-school teachers who work in the kindergartens in primary schools, other kindergartens, private schools and kindergartens in vocational high school in Yozgat. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to determine the validity of the structure of the measurement tool. As a result of this analysis, it was determined that the measurement tool had a structure consisting of four factors and 24 items. Four factors emerging from analysis as a result of the analysis are named based on the literature. According to this, the first factor is named as "Appreciation", the second factor is called "Probing", the third factor is called "Correcting" and the fourth factor is called "Educative/Improving". The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient, calculated to obtain evidence of the reliability of the scale, was found to be ,87. For each factor, the Cronbach Alpha coefficient is calculated separately. For the first factor, the Cronbach Alpha coefficient was found to be ,91, for the second factor was ,84, for the third factor was ,83 and finally for the fourth factor was ,86. Based on these results, it has been seen that the "The Determining Tool for Teachers' Approaches Toward Children's Drawing; Teacher Form" is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used to determine teachers' approaches to children's drawing.

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