Author(s): Gülten İMAMOĞLU, Feyzullah KOCA

In this study, it is aimed to examine the sportive struggles and effects of animals in ancient times. A literature review was conducted. The struggles of animals and people were reflected in the rock paintings in the earliest periods and later on to tombs, temples, tumuli and palace walls. Apart from the hunting of deer and game animals for hunting purposes, fighting against bulls and lions was made by kings and nobles as a symbol of power. Especially the lion hunting scene has become popular in many kingdoms. Lion hunting has been a divine power symbol. These struggles are often depicted in similar ways in different periods and places. Fighting with bull and lion is a motif of Middle Bronze Age figurative art, notably of Minoan Crete, but also found in Hittite Anatolia, the Levant, Bactria and the Indus Valley. A number of different variations existed in fighting with bull and lion. There are in palaces and temples include scenes of the king accompanied by lion in hunting action. From ancient times, the struggle with animals has been shown with the aim of hunting, then the show ability of kings and nobles and entertainment in society. The reasons for the similarity of these depictions to be in very different places and at different periods in the periods when transportation is not as it is today should be investigated thoroughly.


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