Author(s): Veysel ERGN
The last period of the Ottoman Empire, a body of a disaster. Ottoman officials struggling with political turmoil, to take measures to understand the current state of the remote when ferasetinden, the Balkan Wars (1912), starting from the declaration of the Republic (1923), which lasted 11 years, a period full of pain experienced. Republican, only "modernization tag", but Turkey's reform efforts in the last two hundred years, will arrive at the exact name of the target. Hashim Nahid is an Iraqi Turkmen Erbil, the ultimate fruit of this painful period was a witness, "the Republican administration of a new management system," he explains. "The Republic" in the agenda at a time observance Hashim Nahid said; arrangements "feature" to not be limited to, political and social development of the area adopted the name of this radical change in mentality, refers to the need for a certain period of time. This study works of the period witnessed the movement Hashim Nahit's, "The Republic" in the formation process will reveal the political and social gains of Turkey.