THE DEBATE BETWEEN KARL MARX AND MIHAIL BAKUNIN RELATED TO DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT: AN ASSESSMENT ON EXAMPLE OF SSCB

Abstract

Author(s): Sinem EL?K

Anarchism arguing the elimination of all kinds of authorities, particularly the state authority and believing that real liberation can be provided in this way is a modern political movement. Anarchism becomes an independent ideology out of socialist movement after the acrimonious debate between Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx on issues such as the success of the Proletarian Revolution, the political organization and the role of the state. Founded in the aftermath of the Proletarian Revolution took place in 1917, the Soviet Union has made it possible to evaluate discussions between the two thinkers through a concrete example. This study aims to discuss the pioneer of collectivist anarchism, Bakunin criticized Marx about “Dictatorship of the Proletariat” and justification at this point, Soviet Union turned into an oppressive dictatorship right from the start.

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