Author(s): Serkan ÇEL?KAN
When the Qur'an and Sunnah, the main sources of Islamic religion are examined, it is seen that the concept of "Ukhuwwah" (brotherhood) is given a significant place with different forms of the concept. Accordingly, it can be said that one of the most important aims of the Islamic religion is, while laying the foundations of the new civilization and the new society, to develop and protect the feelings of love, affiliation, trust and loyalty that the members of this society have against each other. In order to reach this goal, Islam revealed a unique comprehension of fraternity in the Arab society at the time of its coming, and also in the some well-known civilizations that existed on that day. Instead of the fraternal comprehension of Arabs of the Jahiliyya-era, formed by ethnical and tribal ties and based mainly on material benefits and interests, Islam established a universal and comprehensive sense of brotherhood based on faith and happiness in the hereafter. This understanding of this brotherhood, placed in the hearts of its followers, was not only a idle claim but also brought with it examples of sacrifice that were rare in history. It can be said that the practice known as "Muâkhâh (the foundation of brotherhood between Ansâr and Muhâjir?n) in the history of Islam is one of the most important example of these examples. Thanks to this established fraternity, Meccanic and Medinian Muslims, who are people of different homelands and who have never known each other before, have formed a strong model of social unity beyond kinship ties. In other words, it should be stated that the foundation of the this brotherhood is the consciousness of Tawheed and the hereafter, which is the most important value criteria of the newly formed society. Muslims, who had such a consciousness lived in all spheres of social life established large and long-lasting civilizations, and has become a model and inspiration to other societies.