THE COLOR, MOTIF AND PATTERNS CHARACTERISTICS OF M?LAS PRAYER RUG

Abstract

Author(s): Filiz Nurhan LMEZ, Sema ET?KAN

Hand woven carpet industry, which is one of the symbols of the presence of our national art, has been an important tool for us Turkish people that has evolved with our rich taste and talent, to reflect all of our cultural values such as our faith, tradition and customs for centuries on every corner of Anatolia. Milas carpets which are unique with their colours, motifs and patterns have been placed in Anatolia’s important carpet groups since the end of the 17th century. Peach red, honey yellow, green, purple and white are the most often used colours on these carpets which are woven with the Turkish knot and are completely made of woolen materials. Prayer rugs also have an important group amongst Milas carpets with their colour, motif and pattern properties. Articulated altar arch is the most characteristic variety of Milas prayer rugs. On top of that, straight altar, cascading altar, double edged altar and hooked altar are different types of altars seen on regional prayer rugs. But especially after the year of 1950, there have been changes to colour, motif and pattern properties of Milas carpets and the weaving certain patterns and motifs have seen decreased usage on traditional prayer rugs as well. On top of that, the increasing usage of synthetic dyes on weaving threads also started a change on the traditional colours. On prayer rugs, the usage of motifs such sycamore leaf, y?ld?zl? su, pe?kil suyu, küpeli, life tree, hyacinth and rose, tobacco leaf, saddle motif, türtmeli, badge, sakarc?k has been decreased, while hooked altar, double edged altar and straight altar prayer rugs are not woven anymore. The purpose of this study is to explain the motif and pattern properties of Milas prayer rugs by using examples which were woven before the change of regional carpet industry

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