Author(s): Mustafa KAHRAMAN
During the period from the 15th to the 20th century, there are plenty of fountains and baths in the city of Istanbul, and these years, Istanbul is regarded as a water civilization. Despite the fact that many fountains and seagrasses are still present today, there are still about 18 water bodies per km². Based on the above information, the answer was sought to determine why fountains and sebils were built so intensely in Istanbul, how much they affected the structure of the city, and why they became obsolete today. In Istanbul, 289 fountains and 23 seabirds were found in the daytime. However, it is known that until the 1980s almost all of the houses of Istanbul had a water well and an advanced cistern system dating from the Byzantine period . However, why did intense fountains and baths built in Istanbul? In response to this question, the causes such as the idea that stagnant water is dirty in Muslims, the tradition of making charity and fountains for charity, the lack of water, and the lack of well water in the wells have been put forward. The fountains and sebils in Istanbul have been used intensely for 5 centuries. These structures must certainly be influenced by the city as influenced by its geographical and cultural characteristics. The historical and modern sources, the structure of the street and street systems and the toponomy are examined in order to show the extent to which the fountains and baths in Istanbul affect the city. As a result, it has been suggested that the fountains and baths in Istanbul City affect the physical, cultural and economical aspects of the city. Finally, it is known that the waters of the fountains and baths of Istanbul have not flowed since the 1980's and that they have become dysfunctional The reason for this is the spread of the city in the direction of the canal lines.