THE CALIPHATE OF ABDULLAH B. MUTEZ

Abstract

Author(s): Ihsan ARSLAN

Abdullah b. Mu’tez, who was born in the capital city of Samerra during the most troublous period of the Abbasid State, was appointed as the crown prince by his father Mu’tez Billah. However, after living for a short time in exile in Mecca in the period of Muhtedi Billah since Mu’tez Billah was murdered by the Turks, he returned to the capital with his uncle Mu’temid Alellâh coming to caliphate. As a candidate of caliphate since he was a prince he was kept under the control of the caliphs. After the reactions to the Muktedir Billah being caliphate at a young age increased, people started to gather around Abdullah b. Mu’tez. Ibnu’l Mu’tez became caliphate as a result of the coup. Nevertheless, because his followers did not display loyalty he was dethroned with a counter-coup and imprisoned after staying at the position of caliphate for a day and night and he was killed five days later. Although the caliphate of Abdullah b. Mu’tez is not treated separately in the historical sources, he is one of the thirty-eight Abbasid caliphs.

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