THE BOOKS CALLED ?HAFAKAN (AFAKAN) ? AND ?HA┬ ?L┬C-I AFAK┬N? IN OTTOMAN MEDICAL MANUSCRIPTS AND FOLK MEDICINE

Abstract

Author(s): G├╝lhan ATNUR

Many works were written by the physicians for the treatment of diseases in the Ottoman Era. Meeting the need for medical knowledge in public, these works bear the traces of post-Islamic period stylistically. These works draw the attention of such fields as medicine, pharmacy, linguistics etc. with their characteristics. Information relating diagnosis and treatment of many diseases is provided in the medical manuscripts of the Ottoman Era. One of such disases is “palpilation”. There is a manuscript of this disease, mention in many similar works, is found in Seyfeddin Özege Library of Atatürk University with the title ‘lâc-? Hafakân. The hafakan means heartbeat, pulse, excitement, palpilation. It’s not only seen in medical manuscripts, it’s known by public as well. The disease was precevied as a nuisance mental ilness by physicians and people and tried to be treated in various metods. In addition to the medicine and drugs made of plants, animals and mine, such methods as “parp?lama” and “afsunlama” were also used to treat the disease. This article consists of two parts: In the first part, meanings of the term palpilation are given and diagnosis and treatment of the disease as found in the Ottoman medical manuscripts and the tradition of folk medicine are mentioned. The second part is dedicated to the introduction of the medical manuscript entitled ‘lâc-? Hafakân. In this latter part, formal and contextual characteristics of the mentioned work are told and information realiting the author, the period and the person it was attributed to is given. The transcription of the work was added at the end of the article together with a short glossary.

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