THE ARCHITECTURAL TRANSFORMATION OF SKOPJE FROM 1963 EARTHQUAKE TO TODAY

Abstract

Author(s): Belma ALIK

The urban development and the architecture of Skopje can be noted with the left side of the river coast which defines the historical landmarks mostly by Ottoman Rule. The subsequent development can be divided into two timelines. The first period is the period before 1918, time when Skopje’s architecture started developing, the Old City Part from the left river coast. The second period is the period between 1945-1963 which spreads in the right side of the Vardar coast. Skopje was attacked by the most desctructive earthquake in its history in 1963. This situation has led to the opening of new roads in terms of architecture and urban composition of the city. Thus, the world-famous architect Kenzo Tange, together with his team, had worked on the new project of Skopje. The city’s new part got a new pattern and new architectural forms with brutalist and innovative language. Unfortunately, some parts were not realized at all, some buildings were partially built, and some still exist as a mark of his work. The last project that happened in the city is Skopje 2014. This project completely changed the look of the city and its architectural composition. The aim of this paper is to re-analyze the full picture of the architectural movement of Skopje then and today, in order to reveal and clarify certain controversies related to the modern image of the architecture of the city and its protection.

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