Author(s): Murat ÇINAR
One of the most important indicators of colonialism is that a state seizes its territory after subjugation to another state, however, establishes sovereignty over its population, and has a say and savings in many media from its economic resources to cultural values. Modern colonialism began with Geographical Discoveries. From the 15th century onwards, European states established overseas empires in the world beyond their national borders. During the colonial period, the African continent experienced great humanitarian aspects. After the Second World War, the colonialist states began to leave Africa. However, the colonial states have left many problems as legacies. Today there are important problems in Africa, especially border problems, ethnic conflict and competition, human rights violations, environmental problems, diseases, hunger and economic problems. One of the most important problems in Africa is border disputes. Today there are dozens of border problems in the African continent. These problems are due to the artificial borders created by the colonial states. Ethnic, religious, cultural, economic and political situation was not taken into account when establishing country borders. In Africa, colonial states have a significant influence on the determination of the borders of the country. These countries have taken into account their interests in establishing the borders. This has led to tension and conflict in Africa. African continent; famine, natural disasters and wars between countries is known as the geography of crises. This continent, which the western states exploited in colonial times in economic, social, cultural and political terms, still struggles with the crises left by the western states after the colonial period. The colonial states divided the inhabitants of Africa into states that they would govern in their own interests and created societies and states that would serve their own purposes by not allowing the formation of nation-states. Border problems have been committed to the policies of the states and the self of the peoples. In addition, increasing nationalism and environmental pressures in Africa make it difficult to accept border problems in an acceptable way. In this research, descriptive survey model was used. The subject of this research is the main problematic boundaries and the reasons for the formation of the ceasefire lines in the African continent.
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