SYMBIOTIC INTERFACE BETWEEN LITERATURE, CULTURE AND LANGUAGE LEARNING

Abstract

Author(s): G羹l?ah TIKIZ, Feryal UBUKU

There has been a long tradition of engaging with literary texts for language learning across Europe and in the USA: both for the teaching of English as a second or foreign language (ESL/ EFL) and modern foreign languages. With the emergence of communicative language teaching in the 1980s, a revival in using literary texts as part of the EFL curriculum took place. As literature is intricately related with a plurality of social and cultural contexts, not only through the use of plot, characterization and theme to dramatize, illustrate and schematize the values, attitudes, concepts and relations of a given cultural moment; but also, arguably through the use of ordinary language, such as modes of address, expressions of time and place, and choice of vocabulary, literary texts have also been used to acquire cultural knowledge and to engage with the values, beliefs and traditions of foreign cultures. The use of literature encourages students to make connections between the target culture and their own knowledge, perspectives, and experiences, while discouraging them from developing rigid cultural stereotypes based on overgeneralized typographies. The purpose of this study is to show how schema theory induces cultural awareness and how it can be used to promote cultural awareness through the novel entitled “Never Let Me Go” by Ishiguro.

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