Author(s): Filiz Meltem ERDEM UÇAR
Having the characteristic of dependent clause of the main clause, gerundial structures in Turkish consist of a gerundial and phrases or phrase groups which are under the control of this gerundial. Complementing the verb of the main sentence in terms of time, place, state, instrument etc., these structures have an important place in the syntax of Turkish. Being the main topic of the study, structures with participles consist of a participle and phrases which complement this participle in terms of various aspects. In such structures, while the participle is the verb of the dependent clause that it creates, it also undertakes various roles in the main sentence that it is dependent on with the component it describes. Within this scope, in our study, the structural and functional features of the structures with participles in Uzbek Language are attempted to be analyzed by considering the deep structure and surface structure concepts of Chomsky’s transformational generative grammar and management and contextualization theories. These structures, which are assumed to be the new form of a simple structured sentence reflected in the surface structure through transformations, are divided into two categories as being structures with object participles and structures with subject participles depending on the fact that the unit described by the participle is the subject or the object (object, complement, adverb) of the deep structure. In addition, structures created by participles which have become noun by taking inflectional suffixes of the unit which is lost are evaluated as a third type as being structures with nominalized participles.