Author(s): Ayvaz MORKOÇ

In order to make correct evaluations about Turkmen storytelling, it is necessary to carefully examine the development of Turkmen literature. Some critics and researchers claimed that Turkmen Turks did not have a tradition of storytelling before 1925. However, it is understood that Turkmens had a deep-rooted history of storytelling long before the date mentioned. It can be said that the rich oral literature and folk literature tradition prepared the basis for the establishment of the modern story in Turkmen Turks. In our research, we saw that a great number of stories were published in newspapers and magazines which started to ne published after 1925 in the country. The Soviet administration immediately increased its repressive practices after it dominates Turkmenistan. With the "red resentment" movement that reached its peak in 1937, the literary men would not be able to express their ideas freely. Storytellers only had to write on imposed topics. The storytellers, who had to write within a narrow frame in line with the official ideology, necessarily adopted the method of "socialist realism". In the first 15 years following the establishment of the Soviet system in Turkmenistan, a chaotic situation was experienced in the field of literature. Despite the great pressure, the storytellers continued to depict the Turkmen society in a realistic way.


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