Author(s): Mustafa ŞAHİN, Mehmet SOYSAL

The purpose of this research is investigating Soviet/Russian image in Atatürk, ?nönü and Democrat Party periods in Turkey history textbooks. Textbook had thought to be the main instrument that opens students to inside and outside world and to world history until the last of 1990’s. The importance of history textbooks in constructing intercultural bounds and the effect in socialization is lasting although it has narrowed due to the developments in science and technology. From past to present, in elementary and secondary school history education textbooks as the other textbooks have been approved from board of education in the Ministry of Education and; aspects of teachers in courses have been played an important role on discussed and framed of the subjects. Russia and Russians are among the most mentioned subjects in classes. Throughout the history, due to the geographical proximity and to the conflicts because of the sphere of influence Turkish-Russian relations have been developed in a competitive environment; periods of cooperation and alliance remained limited. In this research, document analysis within qualitative research methods had been used. According to outcomes of the research, in textbooks both the name of the Soviet Union and the qualification of it differs depending on the mentioned periods; more place had been given to the Soviet Union in the period of Atatürk. Despite that there are friendly ascriptions in the period of Atatürk as a necessity of the world conjecture, Soviet/Russian image had changed starting from the period of ?nönü when the conjecture changed and countries took part in opposite sides, and the Soviet Union had started to be mentioned as “dictatorship”. The tongue used in the period of Democrat Party had toughen due to the effects of inside and outside dynamics of the time.


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