Author(s): Orhan YAZICI, Abdullah Sami TEK?N
The travelogue of Portuguese historian and traveler Pedro (Peter) Teixeira who traveled from India to Italy by land titled The Travels of Peter Teixeira from India to Italy by Land narrates the journey that began from Goa in February of 1604 and continued to Venice via Hurmuz-Basra over Mediterranean Sea at the beginning of early XVIIth century. Teixeira visited Basra, Najaf, Karbala, Baghdad, Ana, Aleppo, Antioch, Alexandretta and Cyprus during this journey. The information about the Ottoman State’s southern provinces given by him just at the beginning of XVIIth century is quite remarkable. Especially, the information about the description of the cities, population, ethnic structures, religious faith, historical structures, military existence, administrative and financial organizations are both important historically and accepted as examples of orientalist perspective in terms of early period. In our study, we have tried to evaluate the travelogue of Pedro Teixeira and the information about the southern provinces of The Ottoman State on the route.