Author(s): Mehmet Devrim TOPSES

Since the socialist realist literature aims at reflecting the economical and class contradictions of the societal structure and the historical period that it emerged from, it is among the data collection sources of the social sciences. In this article, thirteen stories, which are about the societal structures of the peasants in the early Republic era, of Sabahattin Ali, who was among the representatives of socialist realism school, were analyzed. Based on the abovementioned stories, the objective of this article is to collect data concerning the societal conditions of the peasantry in the early Republic era. The obtained data were classified under four titles: 1. Peasants' struggle for life. 2. Gendarmery-Collector and Peasant relations. 3. Peasant and Intellectual Relations. 4. Peasants Feeling Societally Deceivedness. The data obtained include some indicators concerning the substantial basis of Turkish modernization in the Republic era.


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