SANITARY AND SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE TOWNS OF BAYEZID-DIYADIN-KARAKILISE-TUTAK-ELE?KIRT IN THE PROVINCE OF ERZURUM IN 1913

Abstract

Author(s): Faruk KAYA, Yakup KARATA?, ?brahim ZGL

Sanjak of Bayezid and her subnets as towns of Diyadin, Ele?kirt (Toprakkale), Karakilise and Tutak had been connected units to the Province of Erzurum before the First World War. In that period Dr ?erif Bey the Health Director of Erzurum had made detailed work which includes sanitary and social geography of the province. Than Assoc. Dr. Murat Küçüku?urlu has published the translation of this work as a private book under the title of Sanitary and Social Geography of Province of Erzurum in January in 2011. Social and economic structure of some centres of districts and the towns above those are related to A?r? today has been shortly handled in the mentioned book. In this study it’s aimed to expose the status of a hundered years ago of A?r? by utilizing the said work.

According to the work which has given informations about regions and prosperities of Sanjak of Bayezid and the other towns there had been negligibly small establishment and staff on public health. Thus there was only one doctor employed in Sanjak of Bayezid in 1913. Besides the absence of health services inadequacy of clean water and the sewage have been the main causes of infectious diseases those seen in the region. Shortages on services those provide public health cause the people of the region to survive like the people of middle ages. Economic occupations had been generally on agriculture and animal husbandry in the sanjak where the literacy had been less. There hadn’t been any municipality organizations in most of the towns. In the towns where the municipalty organizations exist health services had been less because of inabilities of financial sources. For conclusion it is possible to express as miserable the social and economic conditions of Sanjak for the year 1913.

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