SAINT JOSEPH ICONOGRAPHY IN CHRISTIAN DEPICTION ART

Abstract

Author(s): Caner TURAN

In Christian faith, an iconic tradition has emerged in Western Art through the works of art depicting saints, angels, other icons and religious objects and attributes, especially the central figures Jesus and his mother Mary. The importance of Joseph, one of these figures, stems from the fact that he was Mary’s husband and the earthly father of Jesus, and that he was a virtuous person who protected and guarded Jesus and Mary until his death and established the image of the Holy Family in this way. In the Canonical Gospels, he is mentioned in the New Testament, especially in the Matthew and Luke, in relation to Jesus’s life. Joseph is also mentioned in apocratic texts besides the Canonical Bibles. Therefore, in Christian depiction art, artists created works by interpreting these texts and inspired by them. In this study, the place of Saint Joseph in the Christian depiction art will be discussed with references to written sources, and a Saint Joseph iconography in the context of Western art will be revealed through a number of examples of paintings made in the early Renaissance, late Renaissance and Baroque style

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