Author(s): Gökhan AKMAZ, Somya KUMAR?

The movement of Romanticism, which emerged in Europe in the 18th century as a reaction to the strict rules of Classicism, found a strong response in India. In this period called Çh?y?v?d, desire for freedom and emotions prevailed against strict rules. The most admired and famous works of this period were put forward between 1918-1938. In this period, feelings such as independence, freedom, love, the sufferings of the soul, as well as the difficulties faced by women and the country's situation were discussed. The Chh?y?v?d period has a very important place in literary, historical and cultural terms as it was reflecting the national struggle, problems and emotions of Indian society. The writings of this period differ from other periods in terms of their writing styles and perspectives. On the other hand this period was named as a separate period in Indian Literature in terms of features such as appealing to emotions and the use of free verse. The most famous poets of this period are Jaysha?kar Pras?d, S?ryak??t Trip??h? ‘Nir?l?’, Mah?devi Verm? and Sumitr?na?da? Pa?t’. These four poets came to the forefront with the name ‘Four Pillars of Chh?y?v?d’. The Chh?y?v?d movement is very important in both historical and literary terms. Its historical significance reflects India's stance against British exploitation, while its literary significance is the centralization of emotions for the first time. This study aims to provide an overview of the Chh?y?v?d movement. From the point of view, it aims to reveal the reflections of Romanticism in Modern Hindi Literature. As, Romantic movement in Modern Hindi Literature not studied before in Turkey, this study will be useful for literature readers.


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