Author(s): Nihan DÖNMEZ
Social change and technological advancement have led to the development of information technologies, it has changed the ways of accessing, using and distributing information.. In the modern age, the qualitative increase of knowledge and the uncontrolled circulation and ease of access through the mass media reduced the qualitative value and led to the problem of information pollution. Necessary and unnecessary information that cannot be controlled and circulated brings with it a risk. Risks create fear and anxiety in the individual. Mass media have an important function in the creation, design and transmission of this fear. In this study, how and how the news about the Chernobyl catastrophe can be described as ecological risk is analyzed through the written media. In the study, it was tried to determine how and how often the news about the explosion occurred in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine in the borders of the former Soviet Socialist Republics on 26 April 1986. The study is based on the theory of agenda creation. Agenda creation theory is based on the idea that mass media can be effective on the public. With the information it conveys to the public, the media influences the way the public perceives the world, design and convey the truth so that it shapes the public's perspective on events. In the study, the news of the same year, different from each other in the political views, national, daily, four newspapers in three newspapers are examined; In the light of the newspapers, it is determined how the printed press makes risk design in the current event and how it informs the public. It is tried to determine whether the newspapers have created a culture of fear with the risky news they convey.