Author(s): Dr. M. Ali K?RMAN

As we know, Turkey was founded in the form of nation-state in 1923 and most of its people are orthodox Muslims. Turkey, with its secularization and modernization processes and changing religious landscape, is a modern and secular state in the way of European Union. In this context, religious groups in Turkey have been in transformation process by ideology, structure, function. Therefore firstly, I want to summarize the development of secularization and modernization processes in the context of modern Turkish society to reach the appropriate methodological and epistemological assumptions to study on the Turkish religious landscape. Following this, I highlight the status of religious groups in Turkey and their transformation process that they have been in. In fact, religious groups in whole world have been globally in a transformation process. In this process, religion is advertised and marketed, produced and consumed, demanded and supplied. Finally, I will emphasize the functions of religious groups in Turkey, as firms. 


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