RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY IN THE CONTEXT OF RELIGION-POLITICS

Abstract

Author(s): Hamdi AKBA?**?smail ?IK***mer SADIKER**** Fatmanur AL?BEK?RO?LU EREN***

With the death of the Prophet, who has a religious and political identity, it is important to discuss whether the political formations established for the maintenance of state administration have religious references in the context of the relationship between religion and politics. While the Qur'an doesn't clearly explain how the political structure should be formed in general terms, it emphasized the basic principles such as justice, merit and competence which will replace a healthy society. However, contrary of this attitude of the Qur'an, the Kharijites, who played an important role in advancing religious and political thought in Islamic society, provided evidence for their political attitudes; on the other hand, Shiite thought has evaluated its political approaches on a rudimentary basis. Kharijites have argued that any Muslim and scholar who can apply the provisions of God in a fair manner can be a ruler. Shia claimed that after the death of the Prophet, the heir to the administration was Ali, that it was determined by revelation, and that after Ali the rulers should continue from the descendants of his sons Hasan and Hüseyin. Ahlus Sunnah and Mutazilah, by separating the religious and political authorities from each other, argued that it was necessary to establish a political institution in the society after the Prophet and that the state administration should cope with election or appointment based on the ways in which the first four caliphs took office.

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