Author(s): Necmi UYANIK

Celal Nuri (?LER?) is one of the most important Westerners who lived in the Turkish history from the Constitutional Monarchy to the Republican period. While he was seeking remedies for the liberation of the Ottoman Empire, he addressed the issue of religion in the context of society, politics and modernization. When he evaluated the modernization process of Western history through Christianity, he saw the position of religion in the Ottoman Empire as an area that should change according to the conditions of the time. The influence of Western philosophers is clearly seen in these thoughts. Therefore, Celal Nuri, while defending the view that religion does not prevent development, He saw Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as the greatest statesman in history. During the Second Constitutional Monarchy period, he advocated the idea of “Union of Islam” against the colonial policies of the West. Later he will drop his idea. According to Jalal Nuri, religion has come for humanity. In the environment-race-time, the conscience aspect of Islamic religion has been given priority in the context of case law. Accordingly, there is no bigotry in religion. In Turkey, Islam, means revolution. In this study, Celâl Nuri ?leri's understanding of religion is evaluated in general terms depending on the historical process.


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