Author(s): Cem ZAFER
The history of religion, which is related to the history of written mankind, is seen as an important phenomenon of social change in every period of history. The most obvious structure trying to keep it out of religious society is modernity. The attitude of modernity to religion has changed with the emergence of postmodernity and religion has begun to gain a place in the social life of man again. Undoubtedly, an important determinant in the existence of traditional societies is a fact that has been subjected to ruthless criticism in modern times. When we look at the history of mankind, the demand for change that has been brought about by modernity has been quite shocking in a social pattern in which the tradition is completely dominated. We need to make it clear that the modern approach, as in all areas of life, has developed approaches that will have profound effects on religious perceptions and imaginations. Under such ambitious and fundamental criticism, the tradition, which was a huge human condition, suffered a severe collapse. In the midst of this profound intellectual crisis, the mindset, which has been raged by a modern movement of about five hundred years, has turned into a very complex or even denial of social reality, and has created a traumatic psychosocial phase. The postmodern phase in this case means the endeavor of humanity to carry itself to a new and safe port as a result of all the violent experiences of humanity.