RELATION NAME AND ITS USAGE PURPOSES IN ARABIC LANGUAGE

Abstract

Author(s): Mahmut TEK?N

In this study the subject of ism-i mensûb, one of the grammer subjects, is discussed and its importance is mentioned. When people want to attribute something to a place or to indicate their belonging, they use ism-i mensûb by adding a shadda yâ to the end. The most important purpose of using this word frequently in daily life is to make pronunciation easier and to express a lot with few words. In addition, it is known that the terms of ism-i tas?îr (diminutive), tesniye (deuteronomy) and cemi (plural) ‘other than ism-i mensûb are also used for these purposes. Some detailed information has been given about this phenomenon under headings of definition of ism-i mensub, attribution word of yâ, ruling out the attribution word of yâ, similarity between ism-i mensub and müenneslik (feminine), ism-i mensub and tasniye (deuteronomy), similarity between ism-i mensub and ta-i marbûta (masculine and feminine), main purpose of ism-i mensub, practice of the ism-i mensûb, comparative ism-i mensûb and the semâ'î ism-i mensûb sigas. During the study, the books of predecessor linguists such as Sîbeveyh (d. 180/796), Muberred (d. 285/899) and Ibn Serrâc (d. 316/929) were used. This study on the topic of "ism-i mensûb", which has an important place in the field of Arabic language, has been prepared by researching, analyzing and gathering the information available in the relevant sources.

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