REFLECTIONS OF THE DIVERSITY OF ETHNIC ORIGINS ON THE ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE LATE-OTTOMAN PERIOD

Abstract

Author(s): Oya SENYURT

During the mid-nineteenth century, Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, was defined by an architectural environment created by the contractor work of master-builders of differing ethnic origins. The extensive service of both Greek and Armenian master-builders in developments for both the state and the sultanate not only allowed for collaborations with one another but also resulted in the surfacing of tension due to both rivalry and competition in pursuit of obtaining their share of architectural works. In fact, stories of such incidents as a member of one community going so far as to factionalize another member of a community have even made the press. This article focuses on the comparison of master builders of varying ethnic heritages during the building process, and the reflective aspects of their connections to employers, the project tenders and the undertaking process on the architecture of Hac? Stefanis Gaytanakis’ important structures; the Beykoz Pavilion, Mecidiye Barracks (Tak?la), Ortaköy and Dolmabahçe Mosques.

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