Author(s): Bekir GÜZEL

Industrial revolution is definitely one of the most significant milestones for the history of humanity. Production based on human power was replaced with machine power by industrialization. In accordance with this, two groups of people named as capital and labor struggling for survival emerged in the field economy. Similarly; in social life, society based on agriculture was replaced with industry. Thus, individuals and values of humanity have gained little importance. These problems in social life were reflected by literature which takes depicting societies to their own people as one of the fundamental duties. Accordingly, literary works are reflections of societies’ collective consciousness. This transition period was meticulously observed particularly by naturalist authors and reflected in their works. One of these prominent authors is Émile Zola who depicted French society in a very detailed way. In this study, social problems followed by industrial revolution are traced in Germinal by Émile Zola, and the problems are explained in titles with examples from the novel.


You can send your paper at Online Submission System

  • The Journal of International Social Research / Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi ISSN: 1307-9581, an international, peer-reviewed, on the web publication, from 2007 will be issued least four times annualy.
  • Our journal is an independent academic publication based on research in social sciences, contributing to its field and trying to publish scientific articles that will bring innovation to the original and social sciences.
  • The journal has got an international editorial board and referee board, mainly embodied from the each individually professional on the social research fields.
  • Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / The Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. image
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 7760

The Journal of International Social Research received 7760 citations as per Google Scholar report

The Journal of International Social Research peer review process verified by publons
Get the App